EFFECT OF CHESS BOARD GAME APPROACH ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS IN ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE OF ENUGU STATE
Keywords:Mathematics, Chess Board Game, Achievement
The Study investigated effect of Chess Board Game (CBG) approach on Achievement in Mathematics among Junior Secondary School One (JSS 1) Students. The area of study was Enugu Education Zone of Enugu State. Two research questions and Two hypotheses guided the Study. The design of the Study was a pretest – posttest, non – equivalent control research design. The sample for the Study was 270 JSS 1 students drawn from two co – educational Secondary Schools in Enugu Education Zone of Enugu State. A total of 6 intact classes were used for the study. Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT)was validated by three experts – two in mathematics education and one in measurement and evaluation. Item analysis was conducted for the 30 items after face validation and 27 survived finally.The reliability of MAT was found using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) which yielded a reliability index of .80.MAT was administered at pretest and posttest.The experimental group was taught selected mathematics topics using Chess Board Game approach, while the control group was taught the same topics using expository method. Data on achievement was collected using MAT.The research questions were answered with Adjusted Mean and Standard Deviation, while the hypotheses were tested using ANCOVA at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that CBG approach improved considerably Students’ achievement in mathematics. Furthermore, Chess Board Game approach was also found to have differential impact on achievement of male and female students in mathematics in favour of the male students. This is because the computed F – value (12.018) at 0.001 is less than 0.05 level of significance set for the study.Based on the results of the Study,two recommendations were made.Thus, Mathematics educators involved in curriculum development should restructure the mathematics syllabus and textual materials to make them leisure activity based so as to entice the students.